What is traumatic brain injury (TBI)?

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when the brain is damaged by an external force, such as those that occur during a fall, a car crash, or the penetration of an object, such as a bullet. Mild TBI may cause only temporary problems, but moderate to severe TBI may have significant long-term effects on a person’s health and quality of life.

The potential complications of TBI are numerous. Immediately after the event, the person’s level of consciousness may be altered, leading to a coma or a vegetative state that may or may not reverse itself. Brain death, which is irreversible, may also occur. Seizures, brain infection, fluid buildup in the brain, stroke and blood clots are all acute complications that may occur within the first days and weeks after TBI. These complications can lead to further brain injury or death.

Some patients continue to experience effects from the TBI in the long-term. Nerve damage can cause permanent vision problems or problems with the facial muscles. The patient may develop post-traumatic epilepsy, a condition in which seizures recur. Permanent changes to cognitive functions like memory, problem solving and emotional control may develop. It may become difficult for the patient to communicate with others due to difficulty understanding, difficulty speaking or difficulty writing. Emotional issues like depression and anger are common. In addition, TBI increases a patient’s risk of future brain diseases, such as Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease.

If you or a loved one has sustained a traumatic brain injury because of another party’s wrongdoing or negligence, please contact Joyce & Reyes for a free consultation.

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